The history of this dog is tied to war. During World War I, Bouviers were used by the French for war efforts, from getting messages to the front to hauling equipment. By the end of the war, the Bouvier population was severely depleted and in jeopardy of extinction. A group of dog enthusiasts from Belgium stepped in and successfully bred the Bouviers back to healthy numbers.
In World War II, the Bouvier again faced extinction, but not because they were being used in war. Adolf Hitler was deciding on a breed of guard dog for the Third Reich to use. Having heard of the Bouvier's strengths and abilities, Hitler requested to meet this dog. When Hitler reached out his hand, the Bouvier snapped at him, biting his hand. Hitler decreed that all Bouviers were to be killed on sight. Again, it was the people of Belgium who successfully re-established the breed.
Bouviers are rarely used for pulling carts or for cattle droving or sheep herding any more. Today they are manily guard dogs or family pets with guardian as a sideline, duties for which their natural stability and good sense make them well suited.
The shaggy, rough outer coat comes in fawn, black or grey brindle. It is lined with a thick, dense undercoat.
Bouviers are large dogs with the males weighing 75 to 90 pounds and are 24-28 inches tall at the withers. The slightly smaller females weigh 60 to 80 pounds and stand 22-27 inches.